SCHEME OF WORK
Geography
Form 4 2021
TERM II
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WK LSN TOPIC SUB-TOPIC OBJECTIVES L/ACTIVITIES L/T AIDS REFERENCE REMARKS
1 1
WILDLIFE AND TOURISM
Management and conservation of wildlife in East Africa.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Highlight some of the measures being taken to conserve wildlife in East Africa.
Probing questions & discussion.
Newspaper cuttings.
Pg 57-59
1 2
WILDLIFE AND TOURISM
Tourism: Introduction. Factors of tourism in Kenya.
Tourist attractions in Kenya.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Define the terms tourism, eco-tourism, domestic tourism and international tourism.
Explain factors influencing tourism in Kenya.
Identify tourist attractions in Kenya.
Probing questions;
Exposition of new terms.
Detailed discussion.
Give specific examples of tourist attractions.
Pg 59-64
1 3
WILDLIFE AND TOURISM
Significance of tourism. Problems associated with tourism.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Outline benefits of tourism to Kenya.

Identify problems associated with tourism.
Give specific examples of tourism benefits.
Give specific examples of problems associated with tourism.
Newspaper extracts.
Pg 69-73
1 4
WILDLIFE AND TOURISM
Tourism in Switzerland.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Account for development of tourism industry in Switzerland.
Superficial case study.
Map: location of Switzerland.
Pg 71
2 1
ENERGY
Renewable sources of energy.
Non- renewable sources of energy
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify renewable sources of energy.
Identify non- renewable sources of energy.
Probing questions;
Brief discussion.
Brain storming;
Pg 75-80
2 2
ENERGY
H.E.P. stations & geothermal stations in Kenya.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe establishment and development of H.E.P. & geothermal stations in Kenya.
Brain storming;

Brief discussion.
Map: HEP stations in Kenya.
Pg 83-85
2 3
ENERGY
H.E.P. stations in Uganda.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe establishment and development of H.E.P. stations in Uganda.
Brief discussion.


Map: HEP stations in Kenya.
Pg 85-86
2 4
ENERGY
Geothermal power projects in Africa.
Energy crisis.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify major geothermal power sites in Africa.
Explain some emerging issues related to energy crisis.
Brief case study on Kariba and Akosombo dams.
Brief discussion & probing questions.
Map- HEP power projects in Africa.
Pg 86-87
3 1
ENERGY
Management and conservation of energy.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Outline measures taken to manage and conserve energy.
Brief discussion with probing questions.
Review questions.
Pg 91
3 2
INDUSTRY
Introduction. Definition and importance.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:


Define the terms industry and industrialization.
Give reasons why industrialization is essential.


Brain storming;

Discussion.


Pg 93-97
3 3
INDUSTRY
Types of industries.
Jua kali industries.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe the main types of industries in Kenya.
Explain the role of jua kali industries in the growth of an economy.
Give examples of each type
Oral questions, brief discussion.
Pg 98-102
3 4
INDUSTRY
Distribution of Agricultural industries in Kenya.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe the distribution of Agricultural industries in Kenya.
Cite specific examples and the materials dealt in.
4 1
INDUSTRY
Distribution of non-agricultural industries in Kenya.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe the distribution of non-agricultural industries in Kenya.
Cite specific examples and the materials dealt in.
4 2
INDUSTRY
Significance of industrialization in Kenya.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Highlight the significance of industrialization in Kenya.
Oral questions, brief discussion.
4 3
INDUSTRY
Problems facing industrialization & industries in Kenya.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify problems facing industrialization & industries in Kenya.
Suggest possible solutions to the problems.
Q/A & brief discussion.
Pg 104-5
4 4
INDUSTRY
Cottage industry in India. Iron & steel industry in the Ruhr region.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe cottage industry in India.
Explain the success of cottage industry in India.
Explain factors that have led to development of iron & steel industry in the Ruhr region of Germany.
Brief discussion.

Give examples of activities in Cottage industry.

Expository approach with specific examples.
Map: industrial centers of India & Germany.
Pg 104-7



Pg 113
5 1-2
INDUSTRY
Car manufacturing & Electronics industry in Japan.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain factors that have led to development of car manufacturing & electronics industry in Japan.
Expository approach with specific examples.
Maps: Japan?s major industrial centres.
Pg 116-118
5 3
TRANSPORT & COMMU.NICA- TION.
Introduction. Road transport.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:


Define the terms transport, communication & tele-communication.
State advantages & disadvantages of road transport.
Identify problems facing road transport.
Suggest ways of combating these problems.




Brainstorming, brief discussion;




Pg 120-21
5 4
TRANSPORT & COMMU.NICA- TION.
Railway transport.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
State advantages & disadvantages of railway transport.
Identify problems facing railway transport in Africa.


Oral questions, brief discussion.
Pg 121-2
6 1
TRANSPORT & COMMU.NICA- TION.
Water transport.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Cite reasons for development of water transport in Africa.
State advantages & disadvantages of water transport.
Identify problems facing water transport in Africa.


Q/A ,brief discussion.
Pg 123-4
6 2
TRANSPORT & COMMU.NICA- TION.
Air transport.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Cite reasons for development of air transport in Africa.
State advantages & disadvantages of air transport.
Identify problems facing air transport in Africa.


Q/A, brief discussion.
Maps: major airports in Africa.
Pg 124 -5
6 3
TRANSPORT & COMMU.NICA- TION.
Pipelines, lifts & escalators.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
State advantages & disadvantages of pipelines, lifts & escalators.

Brief discussion, Q/A.
Pg 126
6 4
TRANSPORT & COMMU.NICA- TION.
Types of communication systems.
Major lines of transport in Africa.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify types of communication systems in Africa.
Identify major lines of transport in Africa.
Q/A, discussion & exposition of new concepts e.g. Facsimile, internet and
e-mail.
Locate major roads, railway lines, airlines and waterways on a map.
Illustrative maps.
Pg 127-8
7 1
TRANSPORT & COMMU.NICA- TION.
Role of transport & communication.
Problems facing transport and communication in Africa.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain the role of transport & communication in the economic development of Africa.
Identify major problems facing transport and communication in Africa.
Highlight efforts being made to combat these problems.
Brainstorming, probing questions & discussion.
Probing questions & discussion.
Pg 134-8
7 2
TRANSPORT & COMMU.NICA- TION.
Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Enumerate benefits of the project.
Identify the role of the projects in the economies of USA and Canada.
Brief case study on of St. Lawrence Seaway project.

Pg 140-1
7 3
TRADE
Types of trade.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify and describe types of trade.
Brainstorming, probing questions and discussion on types of trade.
Pg 143-5
7 4
TRADE
Factors influencing trade.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify factors that make trade possible.
Q/A & Discussion.
Pg 146-7
8 1-2
TRADE
Significance of trade to Kenya. Problems facing trade in Kenya.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain the significance of trade to Kenya.

Identify major problems facing trade in Kenya.
Oral questions, brief discussion.
Balance of trade charts.
Pg 149-152
8 3
TRADE
Regional Trade Blocs.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe establishment of regional trade blocs.
Identify member countries of Regional Trade Blocs.
Highlight benefits of Regional Trade Blocs.
Identify problems facing Regional Trade Blocs.
Descriptive approach on COMESA, SADC, and AU.

Assignment.
Pg 154-6
8 4
TRADE
POPULATION
Regional Trade Blocs. (contd)
Population distribution in East Africa.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe establishment of regional trade blocs.
Identify member countries of Regional Trade Blocs.
Highlight benefits of Regional Trade Blocs.
Identify problems facing Regional Trade Blocs.
Define the term demography.
Explain factors influencing population distribution in East Africa.
Descriptive approach of discussing WTO, ECOWAS, AGOA
Brain storming.
& discussion.
Pg 146 - 8
9 1
POPULATION
Population growth.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain factors that influence population growth.
Exposition and explanation of new terms e.g. fertility, fecundity, mortality, milieu variables, e.t.c
Pg 165-6
9 2
POPULATION
Tools of detecting population growth.
Migration.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify tools of detecting population growth.
Identify causes of migration.
Identify types of migration.
Brief discussion on census and sample surveys.
Q/A & discussion.
Pg 166-8
9 3
POPULATION
Crude birth rate & crude death rate.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Define the terms crude birth rate & crude death rate.
Calculate crude birth rate & crude death rate.
Exposition of new concepts;
Worked examples;
Problem solving.

Pg 172-3
9 4
POPULATION
Population trends.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain the population transition theory.
Identify the four demographic transition phases.
Probing questions & expository approach:
Teacher exposes and explains the new concepts relating to demographic trends.
Chart: demographic trends.
Pg 173-4
10

END TERM EXAM


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