SCHEME OF WORK
Agriculture
Form 1 2021
TERM I
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WK LSN TOPIC SUB-TOPIC OBJECTIVES L/ACTIVITIES L/T AIDS REFERENCE REMARKS
3 3
INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE
Introduction. Branches of Agriculture.
Importance of Agriculture.
Problems facing Agriculture.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able:
To define Agriculture as an art and a science.
To describe the branches of Agriculture.
To explain the importance of Agriculture.
To state and explain problems facing Agriculture and suggest possible solutions.
Brainstorming:
Teacher elicits the definition of Agriculture.
Discussion- Branches of Agriculture: crop farming, livestock farming, Agricultural Economics, Agriculture Engineering, e.t.c.
Brain storming, guided questions and detailed discussion.
Chart- Branches of Agriculture.
Livestock / Crop products.
Livestock / Crop raw produce, industrial goods, flow charts.



KLB
Pages 1-3

LONGHORN
Pages 1-2

CERT.AGRIC
Pages 1-3
4 1
INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE
Farming Systems.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To define a farming system.
To identify factors that affect choice of a farming system.
Teacher exposes the meaning of a farming system.
Discussion on factors that affect choice of a farming system.
KLB
Pages 5-6
LONGHORN
Pages 6-7
CERT.AGRIC
Page 5
4 2
INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE
Farming systems in Kenya. Intensive farming systems.
Extensive farming systems. Advantages and disadvantages of extensive farming system.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To describe various farming systems practised intensively.
To state advantages and disadvantages of each type of intensive farming.
To describe various farming systems practised extensively.
To state advantages and disadvantages of each type of extensive farming.
Q/A & Discussion
Discussion:
Q/A and explanations.
Relevant photographs: plantations, ranches, dairy farms.

LONGHORN
Pages 7-9

CERT.AGRIC
Page 6.
4 3
INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE
Methods of farming. Mixed farming.
Nomadic Pastoralism.
Shifting cultivation.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To define mixed farming.
To state advantages and disadvantages of mixed farming.
To define nomadic pastoralism.
To state advantages and disadvantages of nomadic pastoralism.
To define shifting cultivation.
To state advantages and disadvantages of shifting cultivation.
Probing questions.
Discussion- factors favouring / militating against mixed farming.
Discussion- factors favouring / militating against pastoralism.
Exposition;
Discussion.
KLB
Pages 6,7,& 8

LONGHORN
Pages 9-13
5 1
INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
Organic farming. Agroforestry.
Human factors.
Climatic factors. - Rainfall.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To define organic farming.
To state advantages and disadvantages of organic farming.
To define agroforestry.
To explain the human factors influencing Agriculture.
To discuss at length influence of rainfall on Agriculture.
To identify farming practices that:
Reduce effects of water shortage.
Overcome effects of excess water.
Probing questions.
Discussion: factors favoring / militating against organic farming / organic farming.
Detailed discussion and probing questions on: Health (emphasis on HIV/AIDS), education level, communication, economic development, marketing, government policies, e.t.c.
Q/A and explanations about: rainfall i.e. lack of rainfall, excess rainfall, rainfall intensity, distribution and reliability.
Exposition and explanations.
Specimens of organic manures.
Specimens of agroforestry trees,
Charts & photographs.
Data on HIV/AIDS.
Weather station instruments:
rain gauge.

CERT. AGRIC
Pages 8-9
5 2
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
- Temperature.
- Light.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To define cardinal temperature range, maximum and minimum temperature, optimum temperature.
To identify factors that cause temperature variations.
To explain ways in which plants/ animals overcome extreme temperatures.
To state functions of light.
To describe characteristics of light.
Exposition and explanation.
Discussion and Q/A on; altitude, latitude, seasons, winds, clouds, slope, e.t.c.
Students highlight ways in which plants / animals overcome extreme temperatures, then the
teacher delves into the details.
Q/A: Functions of light.
Exposition & Discussion: Light intensity, duration and wavelength.
Thermometers.
KLB
Page 19.

CERT. AGRIC
Page 16.

LONGHORN
Pages 24-32.
5 3
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
- Wind and Relative Humidity.
Biotic factors.
Edaphic factors.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To identify effects of wind on agricultural production.
To explain relation between relative humidity and rate of evapotranspiration.
To explain effects of biotic factors on Agriculture.
To define soil.
To state uses of soil.
To identify forms of weathering.
Q/A: Uses and nuisances of wind.
Exposition: Meaning of relative humidity.
Discussion: Relative humidity v/s rate of evapotranspiration.
Q/A and explanations on effects of: pests, diseases, pathogens, predators, pollinators, bacteria, e.t.c. on Agriculture.
Q/A and explanation: definition of soil, its uses.
Exposition: Teacher exposes meaning of weathering and forms of weathering.
Wall charts / Sample pests and pollinators.
Soil / rock samples.
KLB
Page20.

CERT. AGRIC
Page 20.
6

Midterm break

7 1
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
Soil profile.
Soil constituents & sedimentation.
Soil texture.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To define soil profile.
To represent soil profile diagrammatically.
To explain effects of soil profile on crop production.
To explain the importance of the soil constituents.
To define soil texture.
To identify textural classes of soil.
To identify types of soils.
Exposition ? Definition.
Drawing and labelling soil horizons.
Explanation and questioning: soil horizons v/s crop production.
Discussion: Constituents of soil and importance of each constituent.
Group experiment- Mechanical analysis of soil.
Discuss the results.
Expose meaning of soil texture.
Chart ? Soil profile.
Sieve meshes of different diameters,
Beakers,
Garden soil,
Weighing balance.
KLB
Page30.

CERT. AGRIC
Pages 27-28.

LONGHORN
Pages 33-60.
7 2
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
Water retention of soils.
Effect of soil water holding properties on crop production.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
-????????? To describe an experiment to show:
Water retention of soils.
Capillary rates of different soils.
To explain the effects of soil water holding properties on crop production.
Group experiments.
Discussion of observations.
Q/A and explanation about soil aeration and drainage and their influences on growth of crops.
Sandy, Loam,
Clay soil
Cotton wool
Funnels
Stop watches
Rulers
Measuring cylinders.
KLB
Pages 52-53.
CERT. AGRIC
Page 46.
7 3
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS 1
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS 1
Soil structure.
Introduction.
Basic economic principles.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To define soil structure.
To identify types of soil structure.
To identify mans influence on soil structure.
To explain effects of soil structure on crops.
To define the terms Economics and Agricultural Economics.
To explain basic concepts of economics.
Detailed discussion.
Drawing of diagram- soil horizons.
Q/A: Man?s influence on soil structure.
Q/A: Soil structure v/s Crop production.
Probing questions and discussion.
Discussion at length on the following: scarcity and choice, opportunity cost, preference and choice.
Chart- soil structure forms.
KLB
Page 41.

CERT. AGRIC
Page 40.

LONGHORN
Pages 33-60
8 1
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS 1
Importance of Farm records.
Types of farm records. Inventory and financial records.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To describe the importance of keeping accurate up-to-date farm records.
To describe inventory records and financial records.
Q/A and explanation of importance of farm records.
Probing questions and discussion.
Specimen farm records.
Samples of records / charts.
KLB
Pages 190-191.
CERT. AGRIC
Page 150.
LONGHORN
Pages 192-194.
8 2
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS 1
Labor records and production records.
Livestock Production Records. Breeding records.
Feeding records. Health records.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To describe labour records and production records, and their components.
To identify components of animal breeding records.
To explain importance of feeding records.
To represent feeding details in tabular form.
To identify details of animal health records.
Probing questions and discussion.
Q/A: Components of breeding records.
Group work:
- Components of breeding records of a cow in tabular form.
-Components of breeding records of a sow.
Labour records and production records.
Livestock breeding records.
Chart ? Sample of animal health record.
KLB
Page 198, &192.
CERT.AGRIC.
Page 152.
LONGHORN
Page 160.
8 3
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS 1
Livestock production records.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To state importance of keeping accurate livestock production records.
To identify necessary details of livestock production records.
Discussion: Milk production record/ egg production record.

Practical activity- Design milk production / egg production records.


Livestock production records.
KLB
Page 192.
CERT. AGRIC.
Page 152.
LONGHORN
Page 160.
9

End term examination


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