SCHEME OF WORK
Geography
Form 2 2021
TERM I
School










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WK LSN TOPIC SUB-TOPIC OBJECTIVES L/ACTIVITIES L/T AIDS REFERENCE REMARKS
1 1
INTERNAL LAND-FORMING PROCESSES
Earth movements.
Causes of earth movements.
Results of earth movements.
Theory of Continental Drift.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Differentiate between internal and external land forming processes.
Differentiate between crustal compressional and tensional forces.
Explain effects of horizontal earth movements.
Describe causes of earth movements.
Identify landforms resulting from earth movements.
Explain the theory of Continental Drift.
Probing questions.
Brief discussion on compression, tension, upwarping, downwarping, and shearing of crustal rocks.
Drawing illustrative diagrams.
Exposition of new concepts.
Discussion & drawing of illustrative diagrams.
Exposition of new concepts;
Discussion of evidence to support the theory.
Illustrative diagrams.

KLB
GEOGRAPHY
BOOK II.

PAGES
1-2
1 2
INTERNAL LAND-FORMING PROCESSES
The Plates Tectonic Theory.
Folding.
Types of folds.
Features resulting from folding.
Significance of folding.
Faulting.
Types of faults.
Features resulting from faulting.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain the Plates Tectonic Theory.
Define folding.
Explain the causes of folding.
Identify parts of a fold.
Identify types of folds.
Describe various folding processes.
Describe landforms resulting from folding.
Outline effects of folding.
Define faulting.
Identify parts associated with a fault.
Identify types of faults.
Describe landforms resulting from faulting.
Exposition of the theory & discussion on evidence of the theory.
Drawing diagrams showing meeting of tectonic plates.
Q/A: review vertical earth movements.
Discussion & drawing illustrative diagrams.
Exposition of types of folds and resulting landforms.
Discussion & drawing labelled diagrams of landforms.
Q/A & discussion on effects of folding.
Assignment.
Q/A: review horizontal and vertical earth movements.
Discussion on parts associated with a fault.
Probing questions and detailed discussion.
Discussion &
Drawing illustrative diagrams.
Illustrative diagrams.
Map: World distribution of fold mountains.

PAGES
5-6
1 3
INTERNAL LAND-FORMING PROCESSES
The Great Rift Valley.
The Gregory Rift Valley.
Significance of faulting.
Vulcanicity and Earthquakes. Definitions associated with vulcanicity and volcanicity.
Intrusive features.
Extrusive features.
Types of volcanoes.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Trace the Great Rift Valley on a map.
Describe parts of the Great Rift Valley.
Trace the Gregory Rift Valley on a map.
Describe the parts of the Gregory Rift Valley.
Explain ways in which faulting is significant.
Explain effects of faulting on the physical environment.
Differentiate between vulcanicity and volcanicity.
Differentiate between intrusive and extrusive features.
Identify various intrusive features.
Explain formation of various intrusive features.
Illustrate intrusive features with labelled diagrams.
Identify various extrusive volcanic features.
Illustrate extrusive volcanic features with labelled diagrams.
State the three types of volcanoes.
Case study.
The Afro-Arabian rift system.
The Gregory rift system.
Probing questions.
Detailed discussion.
Assignment.
Exposition of new concepts & brief discussion.
Exposition of new concepts.
Drawing illustrative diagrams.
Give examples of extrusive features in Africa. Discussion.
Q/A & discussion on types of volcanoes.
Assignment: table showing types and examples of volcanoes in the World.
Map: The Afro-Arabian rift system.
Map / chart: Kenyan?s rift system and the associated highlands.

Illustrative diagrams.
Pictures in various textbooks.

PAGE 21
2

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3 1
INTERNAL LAND-FORMING PROCESSES
MAP WORK
FORESTRY
FORESTRY
FORESTRY
FORESTRY
Distribution of volcanoes and volcanic features.
Positive influences of vulcanicity.
Negative influences of vulcanicity.
Earthquakes. Definitions associated with earthquakes.
Causes of earthquakes.
Types of earthquakes and waves. Measurement of earthquakes.
Effects of earthquakes.
Direction and Bearing. Methods of showing direction.
Natural and planted forests.
Types of natural forests.
Importance of forests and forests? products.
Problems facing forestry in Kenya.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify volcanic regions in Kenya and in Africa.
Explain ways in which vulcanicity is beneficial to man.
Highlight negative influences of vulcanicity.
Give definitions associated with earthquakes.
Describe human and natural causes of earthquakes.
Describe primary and secondary seismic waves.
Identify scales used to determine the intensity and magnitude of an earthquake.
Outline effects of earthquakes & tremors.
Distinguish between direction and bearing.
Outline some traditional and modern methods of showing direction.
Differentiate between natural and planted forests.
Describe types of natural forests.
State characteristics of trees in particular types of forests.
Identify importance of forests and forests? products.
Identify the problems facing forestry in Kenya.
Drawing map of Kenya & Africa and showing the distribution of volcanoes and volcanic features.
Q/A and detailed discussion.
Q/A, detailed discussion and assignment.
Q/A definition of earthquake, shockwaves.
Exposition of new terms:
Seismology, epicentre, focus, tsunamis, tremors.
Drawing relevant diagrams.
Q/A to review tectonic movements, vulcanicity.
Probing questions leading to causes of earthquakes.
Q/A: human activities that may cause tremors.
Brief discussion: primary and secondary waves.
Exposition of basic terms:
Mercalli scale and Richter scale.
Open discussion.
Q/A and brief discussion.
Q/A: definition of a forest.
Discussion: natural and planted forests; indigenous and exotic forests.
Q/A & descriptive aPagesroach.
Q/A & discussion: economic, environmental, cultural values of forests.
Q/A & detailed discussion.
Maps: Volcanic regions in Kenya, Africa and in the World.
Illustrative diagrams.
Newspaper extracts on intensity and magnitude of earthquakes.
Newspaper cuttings outlining effects of earthquakes.
Photographs: natural and derived forests.
Photographs: vegetation in various types of forests.
Newspaper cuttings & photographs illustrating some problems facing forestry in Kenya.

PAGES 30-35

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