SCHEME OF WORK
Agriculture
Form 1 2021
TERM I
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WK LSN TOPIC SUB-TOPIC OBJECTIVES L/ACTIVITIES L/T AIDS REFERENCE REMARKS
2

REPORTING OF STUDENTS

3 1
INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE
Introduction. Branches of Agriculture.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able:

To define Agriculture as an art and a science.


To describe the branches of Agriculture.



Brainstorming:
Teacher elicits the definition of Agriculture.
Discussion- Branches of Agriculture: crop farming, livestock farming, Agricultural Economics, Agriculture Engineering, e.t.c.



Chart- Branches of Agriculture.

Livestock / Crop products.



KLB
Pages 1-3

LONGHORN
Pages 1-2

CERT.AGRIC
Pages 1-3
3 2
INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE
Importance of Agriculture.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To explain the importance of Agriculture.
Brain storming, guided questions and detailed discussion.
Livestock / Crop raw produce, industrial goods, flow charts.
CERT.AGRIC
Pages 3-4.
3 3
INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE
Problems facing Agriculture.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To state and explain problems facing Agriculture and suggest possible solutions.
Brain storming, guided questions and detailed discussion.
CERT.AGRIC
Page 4.
4 1
INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE
Farming Systems.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To define a farming system.
To identify factors that affect choice of a farming system.
Teacher exposes the meaning of a farming system.
Discussion on factors that affect choice of a farming system.
KLB
Pages 5-6
LONGHORN
Pages 6-7
CERT.AGRIC
Page 5
4 2
INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE
Farming systems in Kenya. Intensive farming systems.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To describe various farming systems practised intensively.

To state advantages and disadvantages of each type of intensive farming.
Q/A & Discussion

LONGHORN
Pages 7-9

CERT.AGRIC
Page 6.
4 3
INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE
Extensive farming systems. Advantages and disadvantages of extensive farming system.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To describe various farming systems practised extensively.

To state advantages and disadvantages of each type of extensive farming.
Discussion:
Q/A and explanations.

Relevant photographs: plantations, ranches, dairy farms.
KLB
Pages 5-6.

LONGHORN
Page 7.
5 1-2
INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE
Methods of farming. Mixed farming.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To define mixed farming.

To state advantages and disadvantages of mixed farming.
Probing questions.
Discussion- factors favouring / militating against mixed farming.
KLB
Pages 6,7,& 8

LONGHORN
Pages 9-13
5 3
INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE
Nomadic Pastoralism.
Shifting cultivation.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To define nomadic pastoralism.
To state advantages and disadvantages of nomadic pastoralism.
To define shifting cultivation.
To state advantages and disadvantages of shifting cultivation.
Probing questions.
Discussion- factors favouring / militating against pastoralism.
Exposition;
Discussion.
CERT. AGRIC
Pages 7-9
6 1
INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE
Organic farming. Agroforestry.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To define organic farming.
To state advantages and disadvantages of organic farming.
To define agroforestry.

Probing questions.
Discussion: factors favoring / militating against organic farming / organic farming.

Specimens of organic manures.
Specimens of agroforestry trees,
Charts & photographs.

CERT. AGRIC
Pages 8-9
6 2
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
Human factors.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To explain the human factors influencing Agriculture.
Detailed discussion and probing questions on: Health (emphasis on HIV/AIDS), education level, communication, economic development, marketing, government policies, e.t.c.





Data on HIV/AIDS.




K.L.B.
Pgs 11- 15
6 3
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
Climatic factors. - Rainfall.
- Temperature.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To discuss at length influence of rainfall on Agriculture.
To identify farming practices that:
Reduce effects of water shortage.
Overcome effects of excess water.
To define cardinal temperature range, maximum and minimum temperature, optimum temperature.
To identify factors that cause temperature variations.
To explain ways in which plants/ animals overcome extreme temperatures.
Q/A and explanations about: rainfall i.e. lack of rainfall, excess rainfall, rainfall intensity, distribution and reliability.
Exposition and explanations.
Exposition and explanation.
Discussion and Q/A on; altitude, latitude, seasons, winds, clouds, slope, e.t.c.
Students highlight ways in which plants / animals overcome extreme temperatures, then the
teacher delves into the details.
Weather station instruments:
rain gauge.
Thermometers.

KLB
Page 18
CERT.AGRIC
Page13
LONGHORN
Pgs 24-32.
7 1
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
- Light.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To state functions of light.
To describe characteristics of light.
Q/A: Functions of light.
Exposition & Discussion: Light intensity, duration and wavelength.


KLB
Page 21.
CERT. AGRIC
Page 18.
LONGHORN
Pgs 24-32.

7 2
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
- Wind and Relative Humidity.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To identify effects of wind on agricultural production.
To explain relation between relative humidity and rate of evapotranspiration.
Q/A: Uses and nuisances of wind.
Exposition: Meaning of relative humidity.
Discussion: Relative humidity v/s rate of evapotranspiration.
KLB
Page20.

CERT. AGRIC
Page 20.
7 3
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
Biotic factors.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To explain effects of biotic factors on Agriculture.
Q/A and explanations on effects of: pests, diseases, pathogens, predators, pollinators, bacteria, e.t.c. on Agriculture.
Wall charts / Sample pests and pollinators.
KLB
Pages 16-17.
CERT. AGRIC
Pages 20-21.
LONGHORN
Pages 16-21.
8 1
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
Edaphic factors.
Soil profile.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To define soil.
To state uses of soil.
To identify forms of weathering.
To define soil profile.
To represent soil profile diagrammatically.
To explain effects of soil profile on crop production.
Q/A and explanation: definition of soil, its uses.
Exposition: Teacher exposes meaning of weathering and forms of weathering.
Exposition ? Definition.
Drawing and labelling soil horizons.
Explanation and questioning: soil horizons v/s crop production.
Soil / rock samples.
Chart ? Soil profile.
KLB
Page 22.
CERT. AGRIC
Page 21.
LONGHORN
Pages 33-60
8 2
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
Soil constituents & sedimentation.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To explain the importance of the soil constituents.
Discussion: Constituents of soil and importance of each constituent.
LONGHORN
Pages 33-60.
8 3
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
Soil texture.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To define soil texture.
To identify textural classes of soil.
To identify types of soils.
Group experiment- Mechanical analysis of soil.
Discuss the results.
Expose meaning of soil texture.
Sieve meshes of different diameters,
Beakers,
Garden soil,
Weighing balance.

KLB
Pages 46-49.
CERT.AGRIC
Page 38.
LONGHORN
Pages 33-60.
9 1
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
Water retention of soils.
Effect of soil water holding properties on crop production.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
-????????? To describe an experiment to show:
Water retention of soils.
Capillary rates of different soils.
To explain the effects of soil water holding properties on crop production.
Group experiments.
Discussion of observations.
Q/A and explanation about soil aeration and drainage and their influences on growth of crops.
Sandy, Loam,
Clay soil
Cotton wool
Funnels
Stop watches
Rulers
Measuring cylinders.
KLB
Pages 52-53.
CERT. AGRIC
Page 46.
9 2-3
FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURE
Soil structure.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
To define soil structure.
To identify types of soil structure.
To identify mans influence on soil structure.
To explain effects of soil structure on crops.
Detailed discussion.
Drawing of diagram- soil horizons.
Q/A: Man?s influence on soil structure.
Q/A: Soil structure v/s Crop production.

Chart- soil structure forms.
KLB
Page 41.

CERT. AGRIC
Page 40.

LONGHORN
Pages 33-60
10

END OF TERM 1 EXAMS,MARKING AND CLOSING


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