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WK LSN TOPIC SUB-TOPIC OBJECTIVES L/ACTIVITIES L/T AIDS REFERENCE REMARKS
1 2
STATISTICAL METHODS.
Compound / Cumulative Bar Graphs.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:

Highlight steps followed when constructing compound / cumulative bar graphs
Q/A to review basic statistical concepts, simple bar graphs;
Exposition of steps followed when constructing compound e bar graphs.

Certificate Geography
Book III
Pg 1-2
1 3
STATISTICAL METHODS.
Compound / Cumulative Bar Graphs.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Interpret compound/ cumulative bar graphs.
Probing questions & brief discussion.
Certificate Geography
Book III
Pg 3-4
1 4
STATISTICAL METHODS.
Simple Pie charts (Divided Circle). - construction.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Construct simple pie charts.
Students determine value of angles for the variables.
Guided activity &
Brief discussion.
Calculators.
Certificate Geography
Book III
Pg 14
1 5
STATISTICAL METHODS.
Simple Pie charts (Divided Circle). - interpretation.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Interpret simple pie charts

Guided discovery;
Written exercise.
Calculators.
Certificate Geography
Book III
Pg 8-11
2 1
STATISTICAL METHODS.
Proportional circles.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Construct proportional circles.
Guided discovery;
Written exercise.
Certificate Geography
Book III
Pg 10-11
2 2
MAP WORK.
Terms used & precautions observed when describing physical features & human activities.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify terms used to describe physical features & human activities represented in a map.
Outline precautions observed when describing physical features & human activities.

Oral questions & detailed discussion.

Topographical maps.
Certificate Geography
Book III
Pg 14-16
2 3
MAP WORK.
Physical features.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify physical features.
Brain storming on
features on topographical maps.
Drawing illustrative diagrams;
Discussion.

Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 16-19
2 4
MAP WORK.
Relief features.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify relief features on a map.
Locating relief features;
Drawing illustrative diagrams;
Discussion.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 19-22
2 5
MAP WORK.
Land forms.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify landforms on a topographical map using contours.
Identify types of vegetation on a topographical map.
Q/A & brief discussion;
Supervised practical activity.
Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 18-21
3 1
MAP WORK.
Watersheds.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify watersheds on a map.
Locating watersheds;
Drawing illustrative diagrams;
Discussion.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 23-25
3 2
MAP WORK.
Vegetation.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify types of vegetation.

Q/A & brief discussion: rolling, dissected, hilly landforms & valleys.
Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 25
3 3
MAP WORK.
Vegetation cover.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Interpret vegetation cover in terms of amount of rainfall received in the area, and the types of soils in the area.
Locate forests, thickets, and riverine trees on a map.
Deduce amount of rainfall received and the likely types of soils in specific parts of an area.

Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 25
3 4
MAP WORK.
Drainage.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify natural /artificial hydrographic features in a map.
Make deductions from the hydrographic features evident on the drainage of a given section in a map.
Detailed discussion on drainage of sections in the map.

Deduce amount of rainfall received and nature of underground rocks, etc.

Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 27-30
3 5
MAP WORK.
Drainage patterns.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe drainage patterns of an area represented by a map.
Oral questions & brief discussion.

Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 30
4 1
MAP WORK.
Drainage features.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify drainage features on a map.
Describe formation of drainage features.
Outline economic importance of drainage features.

Brief discussion & Q/A.

Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 30-31
4 2
MAP WORK.
Human and economic activities: Crop farming, livestock rearing & Mining & fishing.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify clues on a map that indicate presence of crop farming and livestock rearing.
Identify clues on a map that indicate presence of mining and fishing.

Q/A & practical activities.

Group activities.

Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 31-32
4 3
MAP WORK.
Manufacturing, Processing & Tourism.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify clues on a map that indicate manufacturing, processing and tourism in an area.
Q/A & practical activities.

Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 32-33
4 4
MAP WORK.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Outline factors influencing settlement.
Identify types of settlement patterns.
Exposition of new concepts.

Probing questions and discussion.

Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 34
4 5
MAP WORK.
Transport & Communication.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify modes of transport & communication of an area as depicted in a topographical map.

Practical activities.

Brief discussion.

Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 35
5

#### Half-term

6 1
MAP WORK.
Enlargement & Reduction of maps.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Enlarge / reduce a map or a section of a map using the square method.

Explanations & practical activities.

Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 39-40
6 2
MAP WORK.
Sections and profiles.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Define the term section as used in mapwork.
Explain importance of sections in interpreting maps.
Draw various types of sections and profiles.
Exposition & brief discussion.

Guided practical activities.

Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 41-44
6 3
MAP WORK.
Vertical Exaggeration (VE), Gradient & Intervisibility.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Calculate VE of a map.
Determine the steepness of a slope between two given points.
Determine whether two points in a map are intervisible.
Guided calculations.
Guided practical activities.

Practical activity to determine intervisibility.

Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 45-47
6 4
WEATHERING
Definition & Agents of weathering.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:

Define weathering.
Identify agents of weathering.
Explain factors that influence weathering.

Brain storming;
Q/A & detailed discussion.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 54-55
6 5
WEATHERING
Physical weathering.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Define physical weathering.
Explain major forms of physical weathering.
Oral questions, brief discussion.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 55-59
7 1
WEATHERING
Chemical weathering.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain ways in which chemical weathering takes place.
Probing questions & discussion.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 60-61
7 2
WEATHERING
Chemical weathering.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain ways in which chemical weathering takes place.
Probing questions & discussion.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 60-61
7 3
WEATHERING
Biological weathering. Importance of weathering.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify agents of biological weathering.

Explain importance of weathering.
Probing questions & discussion.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 61-64
7 4
MASS WASTING.
Factors influencing mass wasting.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Define the term mass wasting & mass movement.
Explain factors that influence mass wasting.
Q/A: review weathering.
Discussion: factors affecting nature or speed of mass wasting & movement.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 64-66
7 5
MASS WASTING.
Slow mass wasting.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe slow processes of mass wasting.
Discussion: soil creep & talus creep.
Q/A: factors that may trigger slow mass wasting.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 66-68
8 1
MASS WASTING.
Rapid mass wasting.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe rapid processes of mass wasting.
Exposition, Q/A & discussion.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 68-71
8 2
MASS WASTING.
Effects of mass wasting.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain effects of mass wasting on physical and human environment.
Brief discussion.
Highlight positive and negative effects.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 71-72
8 3
THE HYDROLOGI-CAL CYCLE.
Input & output processes of the hydrological cycle.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:

Identify input and output processes of the hydrological cycle.

Q/A: forms of precipitation.
Q/A & brief discussion on the major output processes.

Chart ? the hydrological cycle.

Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 73
8 4
THE HYDROLOGI-CAL CYCLE.
Internal transfer processes of the hydrological cycle.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe movement of water in the atmosphere, land and oceans.
Exposition of new terms & brief discussion.

Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 73
8 5
THE HYDROLOGI-CAL CYCLE.
Storage processes of the hydrological cycle. Significance of the hydrological cycle.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify surface storages, ground water storage and the cyrosphere.

Explain the significance of the hydrological cycle.
Exposition of new terms & brief discussion.
CCertificate Book III Geography
Pg 73-74
9 1
ACTION OF RIVERS.
Terms related to action of rivers.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:

Define terms related to action of rivers.

Exposition of new terms & Q/A with reference to diagrams and contour maps.

Contour maps, diagrams in textbooks.

Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 74-76
9 2
ACTION OF RIVERS.
River erosion.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe the processes of river erosion.
Exposition of new terms,
Explanations & detailed
Discussion.

Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 76-77
9 3
ACTION OF RIVERS.
Factors affecting river erosion.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain factors affecting the rate of river erosion.
Probing questions,
Brief discussion & illustrative diagrams.

Illustrative diagrams.

Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 77-78
9 4
LAKES
Lakes formed by tectonic movements and downwarping.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:

Explain formation of rift lakes.
Explain formation of lakes by downwarping.

Q/A to review formation of the Rift Valley.
Discuss & cite examples of such lakes.

Maps showing distribution of lakes.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 177-8
9 5
LAKES
Lakes formed by volcanicity.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain formation of crater lakes and lava - dammed lakes.
Q/A to review volcanic action;
Brief discussion.
Maps showing distribution of lakes.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 178-180
10 1
LAKES
Lakes resulting from erosion.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain formation of as a result of erosion.
Q/A and
Brief discussion.
Maps showing distribution of lakes.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 180
10 2
LAKES
Lakes resulting from glaciation.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain formation of lakes resulting from glaciation.
Cite examples of lakes resulting from glaciation.
Brief discussion.
Students refer to maps.
Maps showing distribution of lakes.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 180
10 3
LAKES
Lakes formed by deposition. & other modes.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify types of lakes formed by deposition.

Cite examples of lakes formed by other modes.
Brief discussion, citing examples & locating them in the map.
Maps showing distribution of lakes.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 181-2
10 4
LAKES
Significance of lakes.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain the significance of lakes to humankind and the country.
Oral questions and brief discussion.
Topic assessment. / Assignment.
Bk III Cert. Geography
Pg 182-4