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WK LSN TOPIC SUB-TOPIC OBJECTIVES L/ACTIVITIES L/T AIDS REFERENCE REMARKS
2 4
STATISTICAL METHODS.
Compound / Cumulative Bar Graphs.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:

Highlight steps followed when constructing compound / cumulative bar graphs
Q/A to review basic statistical concepts, simple bar graphs;
Exposition of steps followed when constructing compound e bar graphs.

Certificate Geography
Book III
Pg 1-2
3 1
STATISTICAL METHODS.
Compound / Cumulative Bar Graphs.
Simple Pie charts (Divided Circle). - construction.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Interpret compound/ cumulative bar graphs.
Construct simple pie charts.
Probing questions & brief discussion.
Students determine value of angles for the variables.
Guided activity &
Brief discussion.
Calculators.
Certificate Geography
Book III
Pg 3-4
3 2
STATISTICAL METHODS.
Simple Pie charts (Divided Circle). - interpretation.
Proportional circles.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Interpret simple pie charts
Construct proportional circles.
Guided discovery;
Written exercise.
Calculators.
Certificate Geography
Book III
Pg 8-11
3 3
MAP WORK.
Terms used & precautions observed when describing physical features & human activities.
Physical features.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify terms used to describe physical features & human activities represented in a map.
Outline precautions observed when describing physical features & human activities.
Identify physical features.
Oral questions & detailed discussion.
Brain storming on
features on topographical maps.
Drawing illustrative diagrams;
Discussion.
Topographical maps.
Certificate Geography
Book III
Pg 14-16
3 4
MAP WORK.
Relief features.
Land forms.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify relief features on a map.
Identify landforms on a topographical map using contours.
Identify types of vegetation on a topographical map.
Locating relief features;
Drawing illustrative diagrams;
Discussion.
Q/A & brief discussion;
Supervised practical activity.
Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 19-22
4 1
MAP WORK.
Watersheds.
Vegetation.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify watersheds on a map.
Identify types of vegetation.
Locating watersheds;
Drawing illustrative diagrams;
Discussion.
Q/A & brief discussion: rolling, dissected, hilly landforms & valleys.
Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 23-25
4 2
MAP WORK.
Vegetation cover.
Drainage.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Interpret vegetation cover in terms of amount of rainfall received in the area, and the types of soils in the area.
Identify natural /artificial hydrographic features in a map.
Make deductions from the hydrographic features evident on the drainage of a given section in a map.
Locate forests, thickets, and riverine trees on a map.
Deduce amount of rainfall received and the likely types of soils in specific parts of an area.
Detailed discussion on drainage of sections in the map.
Deduce amount of rainfall received and nature of underground rocks, etc.
Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 25
4 3
MAP WORK.
Drainage patterns.
Drainage features.
Human and economic activities: Crop farming, livestock rearing & Mining & fishing.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe drainage patterns of an area represented by a map.
Identify drainage features on a map.
Describe formation of drainage features.
Outline economic importance of drainage features.
Identify clues on a map that indicate presence of crop farming and livestock rearing.
Identify clues on a map that indicate presence of mining and fishing.
Oral questions & brief discussion.
Brief discussion & Q/A.
Q/A & practical activities.
Group activities.
Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 30
4 4
MAP WORK.
Manufacturing, Processing & Tourism.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify clues on a map that indicate manufacturing, processing and tourism in an area.
Outline factors influencing settlement.
Identify types of settlement patterns.
Q/A & practical activities.
Exposition of new concepts.
Probing questions and discussion.
Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 32-33
5

#### Midterm

6 1
MAP WORK.
Transport & Communication.
Enlargement & Reduction of maps.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify modes of transport & communication of an area as depicted in a topographical map.
Enlarge / reduce a map or a section of a map using the square method.
Practical activities.
Brief discussion.
Explanations & practical activities.
Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 35
6 2
MAP WORK.
Sections and profiles.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Define the term section as used in mapwork.
Explain importance of sections in interpreting maps.
Draw various types of sections and profiles.
Exposition & brief discussion.

Guided practical activities.

Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 41-44
6 3
MAP WORK.
WEATHERING
Vertical Exaggeration (VE), Gradient & Intervisibility.
Definition & Agents of weathering.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Calculate VE of a map.
Determine the steepness of a slope between two given points.
Determine whether two points in a map are intervisible.
Define weathering.
Identify agents of weathering.
Explain factors that influence weathering.
Guided calculations.
Guided practical activities.
Practical activity to determine intervisibility.
Brain storming;
Q/A & detailed discussion.
Topographical maps.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 45-47
6 4
WEATHERING
Physical weathering.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Define physical weathering.
Explain major forms of physical weathering.
Oral questions, brief discussion.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 55-59
7 1
WEATHERING
Chemical weathering.
Biological weathering. Importance of weathering.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain ways in which chemical weathering takes place.
Identify agents of biological weathering.
Explain importance of weathering.
Probing questions & discussion.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 60-61
7 2
MASS WASTING.
Factors influencing mass wasting.
Slow mass wasting.
Rapid mass wasting.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Define the term mass wasting & mass movement.
Explain factors that influence mass wasting.
Describe slow processes of mass wasting.
Describe rapid processes of mass wasting.
Q/A: review weathering.
Discussion: factors affecting nature or speed of mass wasting & movement.
Discussion: soil creep & talus creep.
Q/A: factors that may trigger slow mass wasting.
Exposition, Q/A & discussion.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 64-66
7 3
MASS WASTING.
THE HYDROLOGI-CAL CYCLE.
Effects of mass wasting.
Input & output processes of the hydrological cycle.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain effects of mass wasting on physical and human environment.
Identify input and output processes of the hydrological cycle.
Brief discussion.
Highlight positive and negative effects.
Q/A: forms of precipitation.
Q/A & brief discussion on the major output processes.
Chart ? the hydrological cycle.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 71-72
7 4
THE HYDROLOGI-CAL CYCLE.
Internal transfer processes of the hydrological cycle.
Storage processes of the hydrological cycle. Significance of the hydrological cycle.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe movement of water in the atmosphere, land and oceans.
Identify surface storages, ground water storage and the cyrosphere.
Explain the significance of the hydrological cycle.
Exposition of new terms & brief discussion.

Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 73
8 1
ACTION OF RIVERS.
Terms related to action of rivers.
River erosion.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Define terms related to action of rivers.
Describe the processes of river erosion.
Exposition of new terms & Q/A with reference to diagrams and contour maps.
Exposition of new terms,
Explanations & detailed
Discussion.
Contour maps, diagrams in textbooks.

Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 74-76
8 2
ACTION OF RIVERS.
LAKES
Factors affecting river erosion.
Lakes formed by tectonic movements and downwarping.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain factors affecting the rate of river erosion.
Explain formation of rift lakes.
Explain formation of lakes by downwarping.
Probing questions,
Brief discussion & illustrative diagrams.
Q/A to review formation of the Rift Valley.
Discuss & cite examples of such lakes.
Illustrative diagrams.
Maps showing distribution of lakes.

Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 77-78
8 3
LAKES
Lakes formed by volcanicity.
Lakes resulting from erosion.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain formation of crater lakes and lava - dammed lakes.
Explain formation of as a result of erosion.
Q/A to review volcanic action;
Brief discussion.
Q/A and
Maps showing distribution of lakes.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 178-180
8 4
LAKES
Lakes resulting from glaciation.
Lakes formed by deposition. & other modes.
Significance of lakes.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Explain formation of lakes resulting from glaciation.
Cite examples of lakes resulting from glaciation.
Identify types of lakes formed by deposition.
Cite examples of lakes formed by other modes.
Explain the significance of lakes to humankind and the country.
Brief discussion.
Students refer to maps.
Brief discussion, citing examples & locating them in the map.
Oral questions and brief discussion.
Topic assessment. / Assignment.
Maps showing distribution of lakes.
Certificate Book III Geography
Pg 180
9 1
OCEANS, SEAS & COASTS
Distinction between oceans and seas. Nature of sea water.
Water movements in oceans.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Distinguish between oceans and seas.
Compare and contrast seas and oceans.
Describe nature of sea water.
Give reasons for vertical and horizontal movements of water.
Exposition. Q/A & discussion.
Probing questions & explanations.
World map.
Bk III Cert. Geography
Pg 104-5
9 2
OCEANS, SEAS & COASTS
Major ocean currents.
Tides.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
State characteristics of major ocean currents.
Give examples of some ocean currents.
Describe causes of tides.
Identify types of tides.
Discussion and oral questions.
Probing questions & explanations.
Cert. Bk III Geography
Pg 182-4
9 3
OCEANS, SEAS & COASTS
Waves.
Wave action & resultant features.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe formation of waves.
Identify types of waves.
Describe processes of wave erosion.
Identify features resulting from wave action.
Explanations and oral questions.
Explanations, probing questions & discussion.
Refer to diagrams.
Illustrative
Diagrams.
Bk III Cert. Geography
Pg 111-3
9 4
OCEANS, SEAS & COASTS
Wave transportation.
Wave deposition.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe features resulting from wave transportation.
Describe deposition by waves.
Review river transportation;
Brief discussion.
Review river deposition.
Bk III Cert. Geography
Pg 116-7
10 1
OCEANS, SEAS & COASTS
Features resulting from wave deposition.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Describe features resulting from wave deposition.
Review river deposition.
Brief discussion.
Bk III Cert. Geography
Pg 120-122
10 2
OCEANS, SEAS & COASTS
Types of coasts: Submerged coasts.
Emerged coasts.
Coral coasts.
Significance of oceans, seas and coastal features.
By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:
Identify types of submerged coasts.
Identify types of emerged coasts.
Identify conditions necessary for growth of polyps.
Identify types of coral reefs.
Explain the significance of oceans, seas and coastal features to humankind and to a country / region.
Explanations & illustrative diagrams.
Discussion & illustrative diagrams.
Q/A, brief discussion.
Bk III Cert. Geography
Pg 123-7